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This is a Non-Federal dataset covered by different Terms of Use than

Deer Wintering Areas

Metadata Updated: February 9, 2024

Deer winter habitat is critical to the long term survival of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Vermont. Being near the northern extreme of the white-tailed deer's range, functional winter habitats are essential to maintain stable populations of deer in many years when and where yarding conditions occur. Consequently, deer wintering areas are considered under Act 250 and other local, state, and federal regulations that require the protection of important wildlife habitats. DWAs are generally characterized by rather dense softwood (conifer) cover, such as hemlock, balsam fir, red spruce, or white pine. Occasionally DWAs are found in mixed forest with a strong softwood component or even on found west facing hardwood slopes in conjunction with softwood cover. In this mapping exercise no minimum area is defined, however, most areas less than 20 acres were not delineated, nor were areas above 2,000 feet elevation (approximate). In 2008, the boundaries of deer winter areas where refined using black and white leaf-off 1:5,000 scale orthophotography (1990-1999) and was cross referenced with 1:24,000 scale 2003 NAIP (color, leaf-on) imagery to better delineate fields and open wetlands. Some of the areas were also marked as 'not likely wintering area' based on not having softwood characteristic. The areas were reviewed by VFWD District Biologists in 2009 to 2010 for their concurrence from their knowledge of the site. The 2008 mapping project did not involve any field work, but was based on aerial photography. Potential areas were identified, but they have not been included in this map layer because they have not been field verified. The original DWA mapping was done in the 1970s and early 1980s and was based on field visits and interviews with wildlife biologists and game wardens. The DWA were mapped on mylar overlays on topographic maps and based on small scale aerial photos.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. Non-Federal: This dataset is covered by different Terms of Use than License: Creative Commons Attribution Share-Alike

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date September 2, 2022
Metadata Updated Date February 9, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from Vermont Open Geodata Portal

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date September 2, 2022
Metadata Updated Date February 9, 2024
Publisher Vermont Dept. of Fish and Wildlife
Data First Published 2016-09-13T19:37:53.000Z
Data Last Modified 2022-03-16T12:27:21.000Z
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Metadata Context
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Categories Environment, Species, Habitat
Harvest Object Id c56624a9-aa1a-4e05-9b12-566c4b49868e
Harvest Source Id 24b4ec67-cad4-4235-b8af-afaa3907ff2e
Harvest Source Title Vermont Open Geodata Portal
Homepage URL
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -73.4106,42.7250,-71.5137,45.0128
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash baa51c2682d349d93fadeb2e1834380040425a7d8ce9814f466c8c076ea95f44
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -73.4106, 42.7250, -73.4106, 45.0128, -71.5137, 45.0128, -71.5137, 42.7250, -73.4106, 42.7250}

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