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Data on long-term flea control using fipronil grain bait with black-tailed prairie dogs, South Dakota, 2020-2022

Metadata Updated: July 6, 2024

We collected fleas from black-tailed prairie dogs (Cynomys ludovicianus) on Buffalo Gap National Grassland and Badlands National Park, South Dakota, 2020-2022. We anesthetized trapped prairie dogs (and their fleas) with isoflurane in induction chambers for processing. We combed each individual with a fine-tooth comb for 30 seconds to remove and count fleas. We released all animals, after they were recovered from anesthesia, at the location where they were captured. Total flea counts from individual prairie dogs were considered an index of flea abundance. During 2018-2020, we provided prairie dogs on 21 sites with grain bait, laced with fipronil (0.005% by weight) by placing 1/2 cup or 1/4 cup of grain at each prairie dog burrow opening on the treated sites; 18 non-treated sites functioned as experimental baselines. In 2020–2022, we live-trapped, anesthetized, and combed prairie dogs for fleas. The data release contains two spreadsheets. The first spreadsheet (FipronilNoneComparison.csv) includes data from captures and combings of individual prairie dogs on treated and non-treated sites and lists the following information for each prairie dog: DATE (date of sampling), TREATMENT (fipronil grain or none), and FLEAS (the number of fleas combed from the prairie dog). These data were used to evaluate the effect of fipronil grain on prairie dog fleas. The second spreadsheet (DaysSinceFipronil.csv) includes data from captures and combings of prairie dogs on the treated sites only, in 2020 and 2022 (when decent numbers of fleas were found on prairie dogs at the treated sites), and lists the following information for each prairie dog: YEAR (2020 or 2022), DAYSSINCE (days since fipronil grain treatment), and FLEAS (the number of fleas combed from the prairie dog). These data were used to evaluate rebounding flea numbers on the treated sites over time (under the question, how long does it take for flea numbers to rebound on sites treated with fipronil grain?). Day of sampling was not included in this analysis, because that variable would have been confounded with DAYSSINCE.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Dates

Metadata Created Date May 31, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 6, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 31, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 6, 2024
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Maintainer
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Identifier USGS:63f3d304d34efa0476b043e2
Data Last Modified 20230515
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID https://datainventory.doi.gov/data.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Harvest Object Id 25348528-6a02-4448-b709-2a6e76654b24
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -102.3102,44.056,-101.6071,43.5804
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 40d86da251da5ac19d5e6b0fd6cf0d4197b13e8a2f904f010b260a4ccac6a865
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -102.3102, 44.056, -102.3102, 43.5804, -101.6071, 43.5804, -101.6071, 44.056, -102.3102, 44.056}

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