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Data from: Benzoxazinoids in roots and shoots of cereal rye (Secale cereale) and their fates in soil after cover crop termination

Metadata Updated: February 1, 2024

Cover crops provide many agroecosystem services, including weed suppression, which is partially exerted through release of allelopathic benzoxazinoid (BX) compounds. This research characterizes (1) changes in concentrations of BX compounds in shoots, roots, and soil at three growth stages (GS) of cereal rye (Secale cereale L.), and (2) their degradation over time following termination. Concentrations of shoot dominant BX compounds, DIBOA-glc and DIBOA, were least at GS 83 (boot). The root dominant BX compound, HMBOA-glc, concentration was least at GS 54 (elongation). Rhizosphere soil BX concentrations were 1000 times smaller than in root tissues. Dominant compounds in soil were HMBOA-glc and HMBOA. Concentrations of BX compounds were similar for soil near root crowns and between-rows. Soil BX concentrations following cereal rye termination declined exponentially over time in three of four treatments: incorporated shoots (S) and roots (R), no-till S+R (cereal rye rolled flat), and no-till R (shoots removed), but not in no-till S. On the day following cereal rye termination, soil concentrations of HMBOA-glc and HMBOA in these three treatments increased above initial concentrations. Concentrations of these two compounds decreased the fastest while DIBOA-glc declined the slowest (half-life of 4 d in no-till S+R soil). Placement of shoots on the surface of an area where cereal rye had not grown (no-till S) did not increase soil concentrations of BX compounds. The short duration and complex dynamics of BX compounds in soil prior to and following termination illustrate the limited window for enhancing weed suppression by cereal rye allelochemicals; valuable information for programs breeding for enhanced weed suppression. In addition to the data analyzed for this article, we also include the R code.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: us-pd

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Created Date May 14, 2022
Metadata Updated Date February 1, 2024
Data Update Frequency R/P3.5D

Metadata Source

Harvested from USDA JSON

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 14, 2022
Metadata Updated Date February 1, 2024
Publisher Agricultural Research Service
Maintainer
Identifier 668bb8aa-2177-4fbf-a896-5f4c135c7aaa
Data Last Modified 2022-09-09
Public Access Level public
Data Update Frequency R/P3.5D
Bureau Code 005:18
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Data Dictionary https://data.nal.usda.gov/dataset/data-benzoxazinoids-roots-and-shoots-cereal-rye-secale-cereale-and-their-fates-soil-after-cover-crop-termination/resource/afaf1a3e-5f8f-4ab6-9abc-1c87591b13bf
Harvest Object Id 45a2019e-c468-40ed-8c79-773822780366
Harvest Source Id d3fafa34-0cb9-48f1-ab1d-5b5fdc783806
Harvest Source Title USDA JSON
License http://www.usa.gov/publicdomain/label/1.0/
Old Spatial {"type":"Point","coordinates":-76.924306154251,39.024789930172}
Program Code 005:040
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash da8dd52bc7640cc6dfc23ad7872cc5a436b35cf98f027410dc75894b9c2b8edc
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type":"Point","coordinates":-76.924306154251,39.024789930172}

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