Cultural Resources Overview and Assessment for Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge, Borderland Arizona

Metadata Updated: October 10, 2019

In the fall of 2017, EnviroSystems Management, Inc. (EnviroSystems) was contracted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), Southwest Region, to develop a Cultural Resource Overview for Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge. This particular refuge lies in the Sonoran Desert of southern Arizona and is centered on the bottomlands of the Altar Valley. It is a landscape unique in many ways, but one very specific way is that its southern boundary is the border between Mexico and the United States: this border is arbitrary not only in terms of topography and vegetation, but also in terms of human history. It is only recently, within the last one hundred or so years, that the International Border has divided the people who live on its south side, with the people who live on its north side. That is to say, for most of human history, people have crossed this imaginary line seamlessly as they went about their lives creating meaning for themselves and for their families. The purpose of a Cultural Resources Overview is detailed in the FWS manual, Natural and Cultural Resources, Part 614 FW 1 (

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date May 1, 2019
Metadata Updated Date October 10, 2019

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI CKAN Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 1, 2019
Metadata Updated Date October 10, 2019
Publisher Fish and Wildlife Service
Unique Identifier FWS_ServCat_110733
Brent Frakes
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:18
Metadata Context
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