Community Structure of Fish and Macrobenthos at Selected Shallow-water Sites in Relation to the Barber's Point Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1991 - 1999 (NODC Accession 0000174)

Metadata Updated: February 27, 2019

This report provides the results of the eight years of an annual quantitative monitoring of shallow marine communities inshore of the Barbers Point Ocean Outfall located in 61 m of water offshore of Ewa Beach, Oahu, Hawaii. The monitoring effort focuses on benthic and fish community structure and is designed to detect changes in these communities. Field sampling was first carried out in August 1991 when three study stations were established: Station BP-1, a control station 2.2 km inshore and east of the outfall terminus; Station BP-2, an experimental station about 1.6 km inshore of the terminus; and Station BP-3, an experimental station about 2.9 km west and inshore of the terminus. The second field effort, completed in May and September 1993, resurveyed the above stations as well as established a fourth station (BP-4) on and adjacent to the basalt armor caprock protecting the discharge pipe in 13 m of water and directly inshore of the outfall terminus. Subsequent field surveys were completed in March and April 1994, in June 1995, in May 1996, in February and April 1997, in January and March 1998, and the most recent in January 1999. These permanently marked stations are sited to capitalize on presumed gradients of impact that may be created by the discharge and movement of treated sewage effluent toward the shore and the coral reef communities. Data from the first survey suggested that marine communities offshore of Ewa Beach receive disturbance from a number of possible sources, with the largest perturbation probably coming from natural disturbance caused by occasional wave impact. This was most evident at the station directly inshore of the outfall. Data from Station BP-4 showed that benthic communities situated on armor rock which rises above the flat limestone substratum are not subjected to the same sand scour as those situated on the limestone; thus the coral communities on the elevated caprock are better developed on this substrate. A comparison of the data from the eight annual surveys indicated that no statistically significant change has occurred in the measured biological parameters at these permanent stations, despite the imposition of a major hurricane on these marine communities in September 1992. Thus the data to date support the contention that the operation of the Barbers Point deep-ocean outfall is not having a quantifiable impact on the coral reef resources situated inshore of the outfall terminus.

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Dates

Metadata Date June 16, 2017
Metadata Created Date September 26, 2015
Metadata Updated Date February 27, 2019
Reference Date(s) December 15, 2010 (publication), February 22, 2011 (revision)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from NOAA CSW Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date June 16, 2017
Metadata Created Date September 26, 2015
Metadata Updated Date February 27, 2019
Reference Date(s) December 15, 2010 (publication), February 22, 2011 (revision)
Responsible Party (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Access Constraints Cite as: Brock, Richard; University of Hawai'i at M\u00c4\u0081noa (2010). Community Structure of Fish and Macrobenthos at Selected Shallow-water Sites in Relation to the Barber's Point Outfall, Oahu, Hawaii, 1991 - 1999 (NODC Accession 0000174). Version 2.2. National Oceanographic Data Center, NOAA. Dataset. [access date], NOAA and NCEI cannot provide any warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, or completeness of furnished data. Users assume responsibility to determine the usability of these data. The user is responsible for the results of any application of this data for other than its intended purpose.
Bbox East Long -158.03
Bbox North Lat 21.32
Bbox South Lat 21.3
Bbox West Long -158.07
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Guid gov.noaa.nodc:0000174
Harvest Object Id bc02c2bb-a68f-4aab-973e-3a575bfaa02b
Harvest Source Id 2aed8e29-fc5b-4cde-aa66-fb1118fd705e
Harvest Source Title NOAA CSW Harvest Source
Licence accessLevel: Public
Metadata Language eng
Metadata Type geospatial
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 1991-08-19
Temporal Extent End 1999-01-27

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