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Chemical and isotopic composition of gas, water, and solids from the 2019-2020 water lake in Halema’uma’u Crater, Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaii: Sulfur isotope analysis of samples from outside the Kīlauea summit crater lake

Metadata Updated: July 6, 2024

Samples from outside the crater lake were analyzed for their sulfur isotopic composition. Samples of sulfate alteration and native sulfur from the Kīlauea summit, Halema’uma’u crater (HMM), and the Lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) were ground, weighed into tin capsules, and analyzed by conversion to sulfur dioxide with an elemental analyzer. Samples were subsequently analyzed with a continuous flow isotope ratio mass spectrometer (Brenna, 1997). Water samples from the NSF well on Kīlauea summit and samples of ash leachate from the 2018 eruption of Kīlauea were processed by precipitating dissolved sulfate as barium sulfate, using the methods described in Carmody and others (1997), and then analyzed as described above. Samples are analyzed simultaneously with BaSO4 isotopic reference materials. No correction for oxygen isotopic composition is made to the reported sulfur isotope data. For oxygen isotope ratio measurements, BaSO4 is converted into CO with a Thermo-Finnigan Thermo-Chemical Elemental Analyzer at 1325°C. The CO is analyzed for oxygen isotopic composition using a continuous flow isotope ratio mass spectrometer analyzing (Böhlke and others, 2003; Brand and others, 2009). The 2-sigma uncertainty of both sulfur and oxygen isotope ratio determinations is 0.4 per mil, and reported relative to VCDT and VSMOW respectively. References Böhlke, J.K., Mroczkowski, S. J., and Coplen, T. B., 2003, Oxygen isotopes in nitrate: New reference materials for 18O:17O:16O measurements and observations on nitrate-water equilibration: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, v. 17, p. 1835-1846. Brenna, J. T., Corso, T. N., Tobias, H. J., and Caimi, R. J., 1997, High-precision continuous-flow isotope ratio mass spectrometry: Mass Spectrometry Reviews, v. 16, p. 227-258. Carmody, R. W., Plummer, L. N., Busenberg, E., and Coplen, T. B., 1997. Methods for collection of dissolved sulfate and sulfide and analysis of their sulfur isotopic composition, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 97-234, 91 pp.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 6, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI EDI

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date June 1, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 6, 2024
Publisher U.S. Geological Survey
Identifier USGS:6414af4ed34eb496d1ceb587
Data Last Modified 20230330
Category geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:12
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 5ada1ff5-4472-4ad2-bc17-1ea4631363c2
Harvest Source Id 52bfcc16-6e15-478f-809a-b1bc76f1aeda
Harvest Source Title DOI EDI
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial -155.297,19.394,-155.264,19.42
Publisher Hierarchy White House > U.S. Department of the Interior > U.S. Geological Survey
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 25a51c3ffadb9a642bf1366fd4350ff4f7b06d9a5fc84360b2fd44d27ea39804
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": -155.297, 19.394, -155.297, 19.42, -155.264, 19.42, -155.264, 19.394, -155.297, 19.394}

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