Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Skip to content

CERES and GEO-Enhanced TOA, Within-Atmosphere and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Monthly Terra-NOAA20 Edition4A

Metadata Updated: July 9, 2024

CER_SYN1deg-Month_Terra-NOAA20_Edition4A is the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) and geostationary (GEO)-Enhanced Top of Atmosphere (TOA), Within-Atmosphere, and Surface Fluxes, Clouds and Aerosols Monthly Terra-NOAA20 Edition4A data product. Data was collected using the following instruments and platforms: Imaging Radiometers on the Geostationary Satellites platform, CERES Flight Model 1 (FM1), CERES FM2, CERES Scanner, and MODIS on Terra; and CERES FM6 and VIIRS on NOAA-20. Data collection for this product is ongoing.

CERES Synoptic (SYN) 1-degree products provide CERES-observed temporally interpolated TOA radiative fluxes and coincident MODIS-derived cloud and aerosol properties and include geostationary-derived cloud properties and broadband fluxes that have been carefully normalized with CERES fluxes to maintain the CERES calibration. They also contain computed initial TOA, in-atmosphere, surface fluxes, and computed fluxes adjusted or constrained to the CERES-observed TOA fluxes. The computed fluxes are produced using the Langley Fu-Liou radiative transfer model. Computations use MODIS, VIIRS, and geostationary satellite cloud properties along with atmospheric profiles provided by the NASA Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO). The adjustments to clouds and atmospheric properties are also provided. The computations are for all-sky, clear-sky, pristine (clear-sky without aerosols), and all-sky without aerosol conditions. This product provides parameters on a three-hourly temporal resolution and 1°-regional spatial scales. Fluxes are provided for clear-sky and all-sky conditions in the longwave (LW), shortwave (SW), and window (WN) regions.

CERES SYN1deg products use 1-hourly radiances and cloud property data from geostationary (GEO) imagers to accurately model variability between CERES observations. Several steps are involved in using GEO data to enhance diurnal sampling. First, GEO radiances are cross-calibrated with the MODIS imager using only data that is coincident in time and ray-matched in angle. Next, the GEO cloud retrievals are inferred from the calibrated GEO radiances. The GEO radiances are converted from narrowband to broadband using empirical regressions and then to broadband GEO TOA fluxes using Angular Distribution Models (ADMs) and directional models. A normalization technique ensures GEO and CERES TOA fluxes are consistent. Instantaneous matched gridded fluxes from CERES and GEO are regressed against one another over a month from 5°x5 ° latitude-longitude regions. The regression relation is then applied to all GEO fluxes to remove biases that depend upon cloud amount, solar and view zenith angles, and regional dependencies. The regional means are determined for 1° equal-angle grid boxes calculated by first interpolating each parameter for any missing times of the CERES/GEO observations to produce a complete 1-hourly time series for the month. Monthly means are calculated using the combination of observed and interpolated parameters from all days containing at least one CERES observation.

CERES is a critical Earth Observing System (EOS) program component. The CERES instruments provide radiometric measurements of the Earth's atmosphere from three broadband channels. The CERES missions follow the successful Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) mission. The first CERES instrument, the protoflight model (PFM), was launched on November 27, 1997, as part of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM). Two CERES instruments (FM1 and FM2) were launched into polar orbit on board the Earth Observing System (EOS) flagship Terra on December 18, 1999. Two additional CERES instruments (FM3 and FM4) were launched on board Earth Observing System (EOS) Aqua on May 4, 2002. The CERES FM5 instrument was launched on board the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (NPP) satellite on October 28, 2011. The newest CERES instrument (FM6) was launched on board the Joint Polar-Orbitin

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources


Metadata Created Date May 30, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 9, 2024

Metadata Source

Harvested from NASA Data.json

Graphic Preview

Mission Logo

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date May 30, 2023
Metadata Updated Date July 9, 2024
Identifier C2631920924-LARC_ASDC
Data First Published 2022-12-20
Language en-US
Data Last Modified 2024-04-30
Category CERES, geospatial
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 026:00
Metadata Context
Metadata Catalog ID
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Citation 2017-09-19. Archived by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S. Government, NASA/LARC/SD/ASDC.
Graphic Preview Description Mission Logo
Graphic Preview File
Harvest Object Id 39775834-8d0a-427f-aeb6-2a919763cc03
Harvest Source Id 58f92550-7a01-4f00-b1b2-8dc953bd598f
Harvest Source Title NASA Data.json
Homepage URL
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?><gml:Polygon xmlns:gml="" srsName="EPSG:9825"><gml:outerBoundaryIs><gml:LinearRing><gml:posList>-90.0 -180.0 -90.0 180.0 90.0 180.0 90.0 -180.0 -90.0 -180.0</gml:posList></gml:LinearRing></gml:outerBoundaryIs><gml:innerBoundaryIs></gml:innerBoundaryIs></gml:Polygon>
Program Code 026:001
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 0084ae6cf66d3c3b1428300803080a40745cf50bde6dfe423e493fd95d13db55
Source Schema Version 1.1
Temporal 2022-04-01T00:00:00Z/2024-07-08T00:00:00Z

Didn't find what you're looking for? Suggest a dataset here.