Centennial Valley Arctic Grayling Adaptive Management Project Annual Report, 2018

Metadata Updated: October 10, 2019

The Arctic Grayling Adaptive Management Project is focused on identifying the limiting factor, or factors, for Arctic grayling in the upper Centennial Valley of southwestern Montana - one of the last populations of endemic adfluvial grayling remaining in the Upper Missouri River drainage. Arctic grayling (Thymallus arcticus) are a freshwater holarctic salmonid that were once widespread throughout the Upper Missouri River drainage as a glacial relict population. Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge encompasses nearly all of the currently occupied grayling spawning habitat within the Centennial Valley.

The estimated number of grayling in the 2018 Red Rock Creek spawning population was 387 (95% CI = 168–682), nearly unchanged from the previous year ( ˆ N = 176, 95% CI = 159–213). Suitable habitat the prior winter within Upper Lake (i.e., water depth below the ice ≥ 1 m and dissolved oxygen ≥ 4 ppm) reached a minimum during February sampling at an estimated 19 ha. This falls within a range of suitable winter habitat (i.e., 10–25 ha) previously hypothesized to lead to reduced grayling survival as documented in 2016. Area of winter habitat for the current year (2019) was estimated in January as 0 ha; 1995 was the only other year 0 ha of suitable winter habitat was estimated.

Suitable spawning habitat was quantified in 2017, with an estimated total area of suitable spawning habitat (Ats) of 0 ha, and weighted area of suitable habitat (Atw) of 4 ha, in Red Rock and Elk Springs creeks. Barriers precluding grayling from accessing suitable spawning habitat, i.e., beaver dams, were notched prior to spawning again in 2018 (similar to 2017) as part of the second hypothesis test of the Adaptive Management Plan. Hydrology during the 2018 breeding season critical period (i.e., peak spawning + 188 degree days + 5 weeks) was characterized using four variables related to stream flows (cubic feet second −1 [cfs]) and temperature (◦C) – mean daily discharge (mdd = 111.4 cfs), cumulative degree days from peak fry emergence to five weeks post-emergence (cdd = 364.2), days above bankfull discharge (cbf = 15), and days above 67% of bankfull discharge (c67bf = 38). These values represent 133%, 89%, 213%, and 186% of the long-term mean values for mdd, cdd, cbf, and c67bf, respectively.

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Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date July 8, 2019
Metadata Updated Date October 10, 2019

Metadata Source

Harvested from DOI CKAN Harvest Source

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date July 8, 2019
Metadata Updated Date October 10, 2019
Publisher Fish and Wildlife Service
Unique Identifier FWS_ServCat_110850
Brent Frakes
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 010:18
Metadata Context https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.jsonld
Metadata Catalog ID C:\Program Files (x86)\FWS\DataStore\Application\OpenData\FWS_ServCat_v1_1.json
Schema Version https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema
Catalog Describedby https://project-open-data.cio.gov/v1.1/schema/catalog.json
Data Quality true
Harvest Object Id af349b52-6e39-4ff7-b2bd-1014d484a4ff
Harvest Source Id 34ce571b-cb98-4e0b-979f-30f9ecc452c5
Harvest Source Title DOI CKAN Harvest Source
Data First Published 2018-01-01
Homepage URL https://ecos.fws.gov/ServCat/Reference/Profile/110850
Data Last Modified 2018-01-01
Program Code 010:094, 010:028
Related Documents "https://ecos.fws.gov/ServCat/Reference/Profile/110850"
Source Datajson Identifier true
Source Hash 38439697c02e6055b138e65d7503254c77d96f7e
Source Schema Version 1.1
Spatial -112.278938,44.5327568,-111.537277,44.7400436
Temporal 2011-01-01/2018-01-01
Category "Unpublished Report"

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