Benin - Access to Land - Rural

Metadata Updated: July 2, 2020

This evaluation presents evidence from the first large-scale randomized controlled trial of a land formalization program. This study examines the links between land demarcation and investment in rural Benin. The demarcation process involved communities in the mapping and attribution of land rights; cornerstones marked parcel boundaries and offered lasting landmarks.

Key research questions addressed by the evaluation are as follows: • What is the effect of the PFR on perceived and de facto tenure security? • What is the effect of the PFR on investment in land and agricultural productivity? • What is the effect of the PFR on land market participation? • What are the gender-differentiated effects of the PFR on the outcomes of interest? • What is the effect of the PFR on the intra-household bargaining power of women?

Results: Consistent with the project logic, early evidence shows improved tenure security under demarcation induced a shift toward long-term investment on treated parcels. This investment occurred in a shorter time-frame than estimated and as expected does not yet coincide with gains in agricultural productivity. The analysis also identifies significant gender specific effects. Female-managed landholdings in treated villages are more likely to be left fallow-an important soil fertility investment. Women further respond to an exogenous tenure security change by moving production away from relatively secure, demarcated land and toward less secure land outside the village to guard those parcels.

Access & Use Information

Public: This dataset is intended for public access and use. License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Created Date January 5, 2016
Metadata Updated Date July 2, 2020

Metadata Source

Harvested from MCC Data.json

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Created Date January 5, 2016
Metadata Updated Date July 2, 2020
Publisher Millennium Challenge Corporation
Unique Identifier DDI-MCC-BEN-WB-PFR-2015-v01
Monitoring & Evaluation Division of the Millennium Challenge Corporation
Maintainer Email
Public Access Level public
Bureau Code 184:03
Metadata Context
Schema Version
Catalog Describedby
Harvest Object Id 321dfef8-6d8a-40bf-a859-4163c66aa590
Harvest Source Id 56258383-6604-4f83-87c7-7d7be329c1b3
Harvest Source Title MCC Data.json
Homepage URL
Data Last Modified 2020-07-01
Program Code 184:000
Source Datajson Identifier True
Source Hash 266e53d22f40173d53cbd1a4bdf89e3d51c29ee2
Source Schema Version 1.1

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