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Bathymetry of Lake Michigan

Metadata Updated: June 23, 2023

Bathymetry of Lake Michigan has been compiled as a component of a NOAA project to rescue Great Lakes lake floor geological and geophysical data and make it more accessible to the public. The project is a cooperative effort between investigators at the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center's Marine Geology & Geophysics Division (NGDC/MGG) and the NOAA Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory (GLERL). was compiled utilizing the entire historic sounding data base. This bathymetry resolves physiography of the lake floor to an extent that known features are revealed more accurately and features never before seen are revealed for the first time. Bathymetry has been compiled using the entire array of good-quality historical hydrographic soundings collected in support of nautical charting over a 120-year period by the NOAA National Ocean Service and its predecessor agency for Great Lakes surveying, the Army Corps of Engineers. More than 600,000 bathymetric soundings were employed, of which approximately 60 per cent were already in digital form, 25 per cent were digitized in conjunction with this effort, and the remaining 15 per cent were available only on paper survey sheets. Bathymetry was compiled at a scale of 1:250,000, with a contour interval of 5 meters. Density of tracklines is generally about 2000m for the open lake and ranges from 200m to 600m for nearshore areas. Soundings collected since 1903 were already reduced to the Lake Michigan mean low water datum; these were used for bathymetric contouring without further calibration or adjustments. Soundings collected prior to 1903 were reduced to the mean low water datum. In preparation for bathymetric contouring, digital soundings were converted to metric units and plotted in color; separate colors were assigned to the various depth ranges. From the paper sheets, contours in metric units were generated directly on overlays; these contours were then reduced to the compilation scale of 1:250,000 and incorporated into the map. Compilation sheets were then scanned and vectorized; and the resulting digital vector bathymetric contour data were used to generate the imagery shown on the large color plate. Images were constructed using the publicly-available software Generic Mapping Tools (GMT).

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

Downloads & Resources

Dates

Metadata Date June 6, 2019
Metadata Created Date October 22, 2021
Metadata Updated Date June 23, 2023
Reference Date(s) January 1, 1996 (publication)
Frequency Of Update asNeeded

Metadata Source

Harvested from NGDC MGG DEM

Graphic Preview

Thumbnail of DEM

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date June 6, 2019
Metadata Created Date October 22, 2021
Metadata Updated Date June 23, 2023
Reference Date(s) January 1, 1996 (publication)
Responsible Party NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (Point of Contact)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.ngdc.mgg.dem:264
Access Constraints Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center, 1996. Bathymetry of Lake Michigan. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5B85627 [access date]., Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Bbox East Long -84.50
Bbox North Lat 46.09
Bbox South Lat 41.62
Bbox West Long -88.00
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update asNeeded
Graphic Preview Description Thumbnail of DEM
Graphic Preview File https://gis.ngdc.noaa.gov/arcgis/rest/directories/arcgisoutput/DEM_mosaics/DEM_global_mosaic_hillshade_ImageServer/_ags_bbdd9353_cb72_4b55_b78c_9a4a06a3cf22.jpg
Graphic Preview Type PNG
Harvest Object Id b2865be9-5b4c-464b-901c-d5ccdb89801a
Harvest Source Id 4969dc3d-1269-48b4-a254-dfee8489c5c9
Harvest Source Title NGDC MGG DEM
Licence Not to be used for navigation. Although these data are of high quality and useful for planning and modeling purposes, they are not suitable for navigation. For navigation, please refer to the NOS nautical chart series., Produced by the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. Not subject to copyright protection within the United States.
Lineage
Metadata Language eng; USA
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-88.0, 41.62], [-84.5, 41.62], [-84.5, 46.09], [-88.0, 46.09], [-88.0, 41.62]]]}
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type ArcGIS Image Service
Spatial Reference System urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4269
Spatial Harvester True

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