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Aviators Down! The Search for Tuskegee and Free French World War II Aircraft in Lake Huron

Metadata Updated: March 25, 2023

Nearly 200 military aircraft were lost in the Great Lakes during World War II (WWII). The vast majority of losses occurred in lower Lake Michigan where Navy aviators attempted to qualify for carrier takeoffs and landings. The Army also lost pilots and aircraft in Lake St. Clair and Lake Huron. Dozens of foreign pilots including French and Norwegian exiles training in North America were also lost over waters in the Great Lakes. Although many of the WWII aircrafts wrecked in the Great Lakes have been recovered, the majority have not yet been found. The goals for this project were to emphasize the importance of WWII-related cultural heritage within and adjacent to Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary; develop archaeological survey methodologies to locate and characterize small, disarticulated aircraft sites; and create and develop new partnerships between NOAA and other academic and governmental agencies that will facilitate the exploration and characterization of Lake Huron's maritime and aviation heritage. Funding for this project was provided by NOAA Ocean Exploration via its Ocean Exploration Fiscal Year 2017 Funding Opportunity. Data contains multibeam, side scan sonar, and field images collected between 27 June and 26 September, 2018 in Alpena, Oscoda, and Iosco counties, Michigan. Fieldwork was conducted during daylight hours out of Alpena, Harrisville, and Tawas City, Michigan.

Access & Use Information

License: No license information was provided. If this work was prepared by an officer or employee of the United States government as part of that person's official duties it is considered a U.S. Government Work.

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Metadata Date March 14, 2023
Metadata Created Date March 25, 2023
Metadata Updated Date March 25, 2023
Reference Date(s) June 26, 2018 (creation)
Frequency Of Update notPlanned

Metadata Source

Harvested from NCDDC OER

Additional Metadata

Resource Type Dataset
Metadata Date March 14, 2023
Metadata Created Date March 25, 2023
Metadata Updated Date March 25, 2023
Reference Date(s) June 26, 2018 (creation)
Responsible Party NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (Point of Contact); Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR), Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary (TBNMS) (Principal Investigator)
Contact Email
Guid gov.noaa.ncei:AviatorsDown2018_Products_COLLECTION
Access Constraints
Bbox East Long -83
Bbox North Lat 44.75
Bbox South Lat 44.25
Bbox West Long -83.4
Coupled Resource
Frequency Of Update notPlanned
Harvest Object Id ec56c29b-e7db-4ecf-a94e-613ed1563e7c
Harvest Source Id 0eb61eac-016f-4f95-a6c3-2974339749bb
Harvest Source Title NCDDC OER
Licence Access Constraints: No access constraints Use Constraints: No use constraints.
Lineage Processing Steps
Metadata Language eng; USA
Metadata Type geospatial
Old Spatial {"type": "Polygon", "coordinates": [[[-83.4, 44.25], [-83.0, 44.25], [-83.0, 44.75], [-83.4, 44.75], [-83.4, 44.25]]]}
Progress completed
Spatial Data Service Type
Spatial Reference System
Spatial Harvester True
Temporal Extent Begin 2018-06-26
Temporal Extent End 2018-09-26

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